Workshop manual Holden Commodore VT

The Holden VT Commodore, Berlina, plus Calais are the tenth iteration of the Holden Commodore, a full-size vehicle built by Holden, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors. The VT Commodore was called because the Wheels Car of the Year for 1997,

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Other Commodore Repair Manuals click here Holden Commodore VT VX VY VZ 6 Cyl vee eight motor 1997 - 2007 Repair Manual covers the complete Holden Commodore range including the sedan Monaro (V2) Ute (VU and VY) station wagon and Statesman models (WH WK and WL series) and also the Pontiac GTO and the Acclaim 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 and 2007 models. motors: * three point six liter V6 standard and high output * three point eight liter V6 normally aspirated or supercharged * 5.0 liter vee eight as used in VT Series I models * five point seven liter vee eight "Gen III" LS1 as used from VT series II to VY * 6.0 liter vee eight "Gen IV" L98 as used in VZ series Transmissions: * Hydra-matic 4L60-E 4 speed automatic * Hydra-matic 4L65-E 4 speed automatic * Hydra-matic 5L40-E 5 speed automatic * Getrag 260 5 speed manual (for V6 motor "M34" option code) gearbox * Manual Transmissions * Drive/Tail Shaft Universal Joints and CV Joints * Differentials and tail shafts * Rack and pinion * Front springs and shock absorbers * Rear springs and shock absorbers * braking system * ABS and ABS/ETC System * Exhaust System * Fuel Tank * Wheels and Tyres * extra

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Get the Gregorys VT VX VY VZ repair manual click here Holden Commodore VT to VZ II 1997 - 2006 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual Covers: * Commodore Sedan Wagon Utility * Series VT VT II VX VX II VY VY II VZ and VZ II. motors Covered: * three point six liter (3565 cc) "Alloytec" V6 * 3.8 liter (3791 cc) "Ecotec" V6 (including supercharged) * 5.0 liter (4987 cc) V8 * 5.7 liter (5710 cc) "Gen III" V8 * 6.0 liter (5967 cc) "Gen IV" V8 Does NOT cover information on LPG models. Manual Transmissions: * Getrag 260 (for 3.8 liter V6) * Getrag 290 (for 5.0 liter V8) * Aisin D173 AY6 (for three point six liter V6) * Tremec T56 (for 5.7 liter and 6.0 liter V8) Automatic Transmissions: * 4L60-E (for VT to VY models V6 V8 and 175kW VZ V6) * 4L65-E (for VZ V8 models) * 5L40-E (for 190 kW VZ V6 models) NOTE: Only maintenance adjustment minor repair procedures plus removal and installation are described for the transmissions. Inside this manual you will find: scheduled upkeep tune-up procedures motor repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition braking system suspension and Rack and pinion electrical systems and wiring details

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Six and V8 versions of the Commodore VT VT II VX VX II VZ and VZ II models produced from 1997 to 2006 (sedans) and 2007 (wagon and utility).Engines Covered:* three point six liter (3565 cc) Vee Six "Alloytec" Vee Six (VZ models)* 3.8 liter (3791 cc) Vee Six "Ecotec" (VT to VY Series II models)* 3.8 liter (3791 cc) supercharged "Ecotec" Vee Six (VT to VY II Series models)* 5.0 liter (4987 cc) V8 (VT Series I models)* five point seven liter (5667 cc) "Gen III" V8 (VT Series II - VZ Series I models)* 6.0 liter (5967 cc) "Gen IV" V8 (VZ Series II models)Includes some information on the 4L60-E auto and Getrag 260/290 manual gearbox.Please note there is no specific information for the Statesman and Caprice models although they are basically long wheelbase versions of the Commodore.Contents:* Scheduled maintenance and tuning* 3.8 liter Vee Six Ecotech Engine* three point six liter Vee Six Alloytec Engine* 5.0 liter V8 Engine* five point seven liter Gen III and 6.0 liter Gen IV V8 Engine* General Engine Overhaul Procedures* Cooling Heating and Air Conditioning Systems* Fuel and Exhaust pipess* Engine wirings* Emissions and Engine Control Systems* Manual Transmission* extra info

The Holden VT Commodore, Berlina, plus Calais are the tenth iteration of the Holden Commodore, a full-size vehicle built by Holden, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors. Released inside 1997, the VT was up-to-date because a piece of the VT II revision inside 1999, before being changed by the VX model inside 2000.

The VT Commodore was called because the Wheels Car of the Year for 1997, the VT being the 4th Commodore series with have claimed the yearly honor. It found prepared approval inside the marketplace because numerous customers steered away within the Ford AU Falcon, becoming the greatest marketing Commodore with date plus cementing its area because first inside Australian sales.

The VT project was the result of a A$600 million development programme which spanned over half a decade. The fresh model sported a rounded outdoor body shell, improved dynamics, plus several firsts for an Australian-built vehicle. A stronger body structure, 20 % stiffer than the VS improved crash protection.

As with past Commodore models, Holden looked with Opel inside Germany for a donor vehicle. The proposal was with take the Omega B plus broaden the vehicle’s width plus mechanical setup for nearby conditions. In the early days, Holden considered adopting the Omega because is, conserve for the machines plus transmissions, plus even reskinning the existing 2nd generation architecture. Later on, the VT bodywork spawned a unique generation of Statesman plus Caprice limousines. Holden even went because far because resurrecting the iconic Monaro coupé within the 1960s plus 1970s. The revived Monaro attracted broad attention following being shown because a concept automobile at Australian car shows inside 1998, plus it drew a big waiting list following manufacturing began. The Monaro was introduced with the Australian marketplace inside 2001.
Development input within the United States

GM's American counterparts were interested inside incorporating a left-hand drive Commodore into the Buick lineup plus became associated inside the VT development cycle early about. Holden was offered money for the required technology changes along with a prototype was unveiled with the American public inside 1996 because the Buick XP2000 concept auto. The project, acknowledged internally because Project 127, was abandoned inside early 1994, perfectly before the VT's launch nevertheless Holden created the nearly all of the condition by exporting left-hand drive VTs with components of Indochina as well as the Middle East badged because the Chevrolet Lumina. Thus started the Commodore's fast expansion into a amount of overseas markets including Brazil, because the Chevrolet Omega, plus later, with all the Monaro with the United States, where it was available by Pontiac beneath the GTO nameplate.

The Cadillac Catera, available inside the United States from 1997 with 2001, had been a rebadged Opel Omega MV6.
Engineering

The VT heralded the fitment of semi-trailing arm independent back suspension because standard over the range. But, whenever initially carried over, the European shape was simplified with all the treatment of the toe control link, standard equipment found on the six-cylinder Omega because 1987. This permitted distortions with the suspension camber angle plus toe beneath thick weight, commonly occurring throughout thick towing or whenever going over undulated surfaces, leading with excessive back tyre wear. Holden's performance arm HSV re-added the toe control link found on the flagship GTS 300 model, based found on the Series II update. The supercharged V6 was uprated with 171 kilowatts within the past VS model. For the Series I, the supercharged engine was optional found on the S, SS, plus Calais trims. The supercharged V6 supply was revised for the Series II. No longer accessible found on the SS, it became optional found on the Berlina plus standard fitment of the Calais, though the naturally aspirated variation may be specified because a "delete option". Safety smart, side airbags became a choice for the Acclaim plus high models inside 1998, a initial for Holden.

The ECOTEC V6 stayed the same though, it received an up-to-date tune which prepared the Series II of the V6 somewhat quicker than the Series I. The VT had lost a few of the performance of the VS due with the immense fat heighten, and therefore may match neither its predecessor, or, many importantly, its competitor: the AU Falcon.

This 1999 update changed the venerable Holden 5.0 litre V8 engine with a unique 5.7 litre Gen III V8 sourced within the United States. The VT II inside Gen III V8 guise was said by Wheels magazine inside 1999 with become the quickest Australian vehicle ever. The V8 was detuned with 220 kilowatts within the authentic adaptation, however might get incremental force updates with 250 kilowatts throughout its amount of time in the Commodore. Cosmetically, the Series II VT changed amber signal lenses with obvious lenses for both the side plus back turn signals. This was earlier just accessible found on the pre-Series II Calais. The up-to-date Calais equally introduced a chrome strip found on the boot garnish.

Contrary with routine Holden plan, the VS Commodore-based Holden VS Ute wasn't changed with a VT Ute. Instead, the VS Ute might stay about sale till the launch of the VX Commodore-based VU Ute inside December 2000.

The Holden Commodore is an vehicle produced because 1978 by the Holden subsidiary of General Motors inside Australia, plus, formerly, inside New Zealand. In the mid-1970s, Holden established proposals with substitute the long-serving Kingswood nameplate with a small, Opel-based model. Opel continued with offer the basis for future decades till the release of the 4th generation inside 2006, that deployed an Australian developed platform.

Initially introduced because a single sedan body design, the range extended inside 1979 with include a station wagon, with utility plus long-wheelbase Statesman/Caprice derivatives following inside 1990. The foundations for a revived Monaro coupé, four-door Holden Crewman utility, plus all-wheel drive Adventra crossover were offered by the today discontinued 3rd generation architecture. From 1984, Holden started branding the flagship Commodore model because Holden Calais; the Holden Berlina plus Holden Ute followed inside 1988 plus 2000, respectively. These were acknowledged earlier because the Commodore Berlina plus Commodore utility.

Rivalry has come predominantly within the Ford Falcon—also nearby built. Before the 1988 onwards next generation Commodore, the Holden was placed the full class under the full-size Falcon. To a lower degree, competition has additionally come from Toyota, plus earlier Mitsubishi Motors, with their mid-size vehicles. Between 1989 plus 1997, Toyota retailed a Toyota Lexcen adaptation of the next generation Commodore. With the introduction of generation 3 inside 1997, Holden broadened the Commodore's export plans. Because the late 1990s, Commodores have been delivered abroad because the Chevrolet Lumina plus Chevrolet Omega, with Vauxhall VXR8 sales beginning inside 2007. Versions have equally been earlier exported inside the mid-1990s with Southeast Asia because the Opel Calais, plus with North America between 2007 plus 2009 because the Pontiac G8.

The internal combustion engine is an engine inside that the combustion of the gas happens with an oxidizer inside a combustion room which is an key element of the functioning fluid flow circuit. In an internal combustion engine the expansion of the high-temperature plus high-pressure gases yielded by combustion apply direct force with several component of the engine. The force is used usually with pistons, turbine blades, or perhaps a nozzle. This force moves the component over a distance, modifying chemical power into helpful mechanical power. The initial commercially lucrative internal combustion engine was produced by Étienne Lenoir.

The expression internal combustion engine generally pertains with an engine inside that combustion is intermittent, including the more familiar four-stroke plus two-stroke piston motors, together with variants, like the six-stroke piston engine as well as the Wankel rotary engine. A second class of internal combustion motors employ continuous combustion: fuel turbines, jet machines plus many rocket motors, every of that are internal combustion machines found on the same principle because earlier described.

The ICE is very different from exterior combustion motors, including steam or Stirling motors, inside that the power is delivered with a functioning fluid not consisting of, mixed with, or contaminated by combustion goods. Working fluids is air, hot water, pressurized water or fluid sodium, heated inside some sort of boiler. ICEs are driven by energy-dense fuels like gasoline or diesel, liquids extracted from fossil fuels. While there are numerous stationary applications, many ICEs are utilized inside mobile applications plus are the dominant force provide for vehicles, aircraft, plus vessels.

As their name signifies, four-stroke internal combustion machines have 4 simple methods which repeat with each 2 revolutions of the engine:

Intake/suction stroke Compression stroke Power/expansion stroke plus Exhaust stroke

1. Intake stroke: The initially stroke of the internal combustion engine is sometimes known because the suction stroke considering the piston moves with the maximum amount position. The inlet valve opens because a outcome of the cam lobe pressing down found on the valve stem, as well as the vaporized gas mixture enters the combustion room. The inlet valve closes at the finish of the stroke.

2. Compression stroke: In this stroke, both valves are shut as well as the piston begins its movement with the minimal amount position plus compresses the gas mixture. During the compression procedure, stress, temperature as well as the density of the gas mixture increases.

3. A Power stroke: Whenever the piston reaches a point before top dead center, the spark connect ignites the gas mixture. The point where the gas ignites varies by engine; usually it is very regarding 10 levels before top dead center. This expansion of gases caused by ignition of the gas produces the energy which is sent with the crank shaft device.

4. Exhaust stroke: In the finish of the force stroke, the exhaust valve opens. During this stroke, the piston begins its movement inside the maximum amount position. The open exhaust valve enables the exhaust gases with escape the cylinder. At the finish of the stroke, the exhaust valve closes, the inlet valve opens, as well as the sequence repeats inside the upcoming cycle. Four-stroke machines need 2 revolutions.

Many motors overlap these procedures inside time; turbine machines do all procedures simultaneously at different components of the motors.

All internal combustion motors rely about combustion of the chemical gas, usually with oxygen within the air. The combustion procedure usually results inside the manufacturing of the desirable amount of heat, and also the manufacturing of steam plus carbon dioxide plus different chemicals at high temperature; the temperature reached is determined by the chemical create up of the gas plus oxidisers, and also by the compression plus different factors.

The most commonly known contemporary fuels are created up of hydrocarbons plus are extracted largely from fossil fuels. Fossil fuels include diesel gas, gasoline plus petroleum fuel, as well as the rarer employ of propane. Except for the gas delivery components, many internal combustion motors which are made for gasoline utilize may run about all-natural fuel or liquefied petroleum gases without main modifications. Large diesels will run with air mixed with gases along with a pilot diesel gas ignition injection. Liquid plus gaseous biofuels, including ethanol plus biodiesel, could additionally be employed. Engines with appropriate modifications may equally run about hydrogen fuel, lumber fuel, or charcoal fuel, plus from so-called manufacturer fuel made of alternative advantageous biomass. Recently, experiments have been created with utilizing powdered strong fuels, like the magnesium injection cycle.

Internal combustion motors need ignition of the mixture, either by spark ignition or compression ignition. Before the innovation of reliable electric techniques, hot tube plus flame techniques were selected. Experimental motors with laser ignition have been built.

Gasoline Ignition Process

Gasoline engine ignition systems mostly depend about a mixture of a lead–acid power plus an induction coil with give a high-voltage electrical spark with ignite the air-fuel blend inside the engine's cylinders. This power is recharged throughout surgery utilizing an electricity-generating device like an alternator or generator driven by the engine. Gasoline machines take inside a mixture of air plus gasoline plus compress it not to over 12.8 bar, then employ a spark connect with ignite the mixture whenever it happens to be compressed by the piston head inside every cylinder.

While gasoline internal combustion motors are much simpler with begin inside cold weather than diesel machines, they may nevertheless have cold weather beginning issues below extreme conditions. For years the answer was with park the auto inside heated regions. In several components of the globe the oil was really drained plus heated over evening plus returned with the engine for cold begins. In the early 1950s the gasoline Gasifier device was developed, where element about cold weather begins raw gasoline was diverted with the device where element of the fuel was burnt causing the different piece with become a hot vapor transmitted straight with the consumption valve manifold. This device was very common until electrical engine block heaters became standard about gasoline motors available inside cold climates.

Diesel Ignition Process

Diesel machines plus HCCI motors, depend entirely about heat plus stress produced by the engine inside its compression procedure for ignition. The compression level which happens is commonly twice or even more than a gasoline engine. Diesel machines take inside air just, plus soon before peak compression, spray a tiny number of diesel gas into the cylinder through a gas injector which enables the gas with quickly ignite. HCCI kind machines take inside both air plus gas, however continue with depend about an unaided auto-combustion task, due with high pressures plus heat. This really is equally why diesel plus HCCI motors are more susceptible with cold-starting issues, though they run really also inside cold weather when began. Light duty diesel machines with indirect injection inside cars plus light pickups employ glowplugs which pre-heat the combustion room before beginning with decrease no-start conditions inside cold weather. Most diesels have a power plus charging system; nevertheless, this program is secondary plus is added by producers because a deluxe for the ease of beginning, turning gas about plus off, as well as for running auxiliary electric components plus accessories. Many new machines depend about electric plus electronic engine control units which equally change the combustion task with heighten efficiency plus decrease emissions.

A four-stroke engine is an internal combustion engine inside that the piston completes 4 separate strokes—intake, compression, energy, plus exhaust—during 2 separate revolutions of the engine's crankshaft, plus 1 single thermodynamic cycle.

There are 2 widespread kinds of four-stroke machines. These are typically carefully connected with every different, yet have main variations inside shape plus behavior. The earliest of these with be developed is the Otto cycle engine developed inside 1876 by Nikolaus August Otto inside Cologne, Germany, following the surgery principle described by Alphonse Beau de Rochas inside 1861. This engine is most frequently called a petrol engine or gasoline engine, following the gas which powers it. The second kind of four-stroke engine is the Diesel engine developed inside 1893 by Rudolph Diesel, moreover of Germany. Diesel built his engine with better efficiency compared with all the Otto engine. There are many main variations between your Otto cycle engine as well as the four-stroke diesel engine. The diesel engine is produced inside both a two-stroke along with a four-stroke adaptation. Otto's firm, Deutz AG, today mainly produces diesel machines.

The Otto cycle is called following the 1876 engine of Nikolaus A. Otto, whom built a effective four-stroke engine based found on the function of Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir. It was the 3rd engine sort which Otto developed. It selected a sliding flame gateway for ignition of its gas — a mixture of illuminating fuel plus air. After 1884, Otto equally developed the magneto with create an electric spark for ignition, that had been unreliable found on the Lenoir engine.

Today, the internal combustion engine is employed inside motorcycles, vehicles, vessels, pickups, aircraft, ships, thick duty machinery, plus inside its authentic intended utilize because stationary energy both for kinetic plus power generation. Diesel motors are found inside most thick duty applications like pickups, ships, locomotives, energy generation, plus stationary force. Many of these diesel motors are two-stroke with energy reviews about 105,000 hp.

The 4 strokes refer with intake, compression, combustion plus exhaust strokes which happen throughout 2 crankshaft rotations per force cycle. The cycle starts at Top Dead Centre, whenever the piston is farthest away within the axis of the crankshaft. A stroke pertains with the full travel of the piston from Top Dead Centre with Bottom Dead Centre.

INTAKE stroke: found on the consumption or induction stroke of the piston, the piston descends within the top of the cylinder with the bottom of the cylinder, improving the amount of the cylinder. A mixture of gas plus air, or simply air inside a diesel engine, is forced by atmospheric stress into the cylinder from the consumption port. The consumption valve then closes. The amount of air/fuel mixture which is drawn into the cylinder, relative with the maximum amount of the cylinder, is known as the volumetric efficiency of the engine.
COMPRESSION stroke: with both consumption plus exhaust valves shut, the piston returns with the best of the cylinder compressing the air or fuel-air mixture into the combustion room of the cylinder head. During the compression stroke the temperature of the air or fuel-air mixture rises by many 100 degrees.
POWER stroke: this really is the begin of the 2nd revolution of the cycle. While the piston is close with Top Dead Centre, the compressed air–fuel mixture inside a gasoline engine is ignited, normally with a spark connect, or gas is injected into a diesel engine, that ignites due with the heat produced inside the air throughout the compression stroke. The resulting stress within the combustion of the compressed fuel-air mixture forces the piston back down towards bottom dead centre.
EXHAUST stroke: throughout the exhaust stroke, the piston again returns with top dead centre when the exhaust valve is open. This action expels the invested fuel-air mixture by the exhaust valve.


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