Falcon XA XB XC

The Ford XA Falcon is an car that was yielded by Ford Australia from March 1972 with September 1973. The addition of the two-door Hardtop with the range marked the very first time which this body design had been available about

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Ford Falcon XC (8 cyl) 1976 - 1979 Owners Service Repair Manual: Covers XC Series Falcon: Sedan extra

The Ford XA Falcon is an car that was yielded by Ford Australia from March 1972 with September 1973. It changed the XY series Falcon plus was the initial Falcon with be completely tailored plus produced inside Australia. The XA showcased an completely new body that was bigger plus more roomy than which of its XY series predecessor. The XA range equally had a longer list of choices along with a wider choice of machines with all the four.1-litre six today accessible with either a single or double venturi carburettor. Wagons today showcased a longer wheelbase than the sedans plus an optional dual-action tailgate which can be opened either downwards or sideways.

The addition of the two-door Hardtop with the range marked the very first time which this body design had been available about an Australian Falcon because the XP series of 1965–1966. The Hardtop's longer doorways with frameless windows were shared with all the Utility plus Van, with a different form glass with suit the commercial vehicles' body apertures. The smaller doorways of the sedan plus wagon with their framed windows were furthermore accessible with optional quarter vent windows, though these were fairly uncommon. This way was discontinued inside the next XB plus XC models.

A total of 129,473 XAs were built. While effective, the XA Falcon range proven with be short-lived because it gained a immense frontal appearance update with become the XB series inside October 1973.
The internal combustion engine is an engine where the combustion of the gas happens with an oxidizer inside a combustion room which is an key piece of the functioning fluid flow circuit. In an internal combustion engine the expansion of the high-temperature plus high-pressure gases yielded by combustion apply direct force with several component of the engine. The force is used usually with pistons, turbine blades, or perhaps a nozzle. This force moves the component over a distance, modifying chemical vitality into valuable mechanical vitality. The initial commercially effective internal combustion engine was produced by Étienne Lenoir about 1859.

The expression internal combustion engine commonly pertains with an engine inside that combustion is intermittent, including the more familiar four-stroke plus two-stroke piston machines, together with variants, like the six-stroke piston engine as well as the Wankel rotary engine. A second class of internal combustion machines employ continuous combustion: fuel turbines, jet motors plus many rocket motors, every of that are internal combustion machines found on the same principle because earlier described.

The ICE is very different from exterior combustion motors, including steam or Stirling motors, inside that the stamina is delivered with a functioning fluid not consisting of, mixed with, or contaminated by combustion items. Working fluids is air, hot water, pressurized water or fluid sodium, heated inside a boiler. ICEs are driven by energy-dense fuels including gasoline or diesel, liquids extracted from fossil fuels. While there are numerous stationary applications, many ICEs are utilized inside mobile applications plus are the dominant energy provide for vehicles, aircraft, plus vessels.
Sedans plus Wagons were introduced inside March 1972, the Hardtops inside August 1972 as well as the Utilities plus Vans inside October of which year.

Falcon Sedan
Falcon 500 Sedan
Futura Sedan
Fairmont Sedan
Falcon GT Sedan
Falcon Wagon
Falcon 500 Wagon
Fairmont Wagon
Falcon 500 Hardtop
Fairmont Hardtop
Falcon GT Hardtop
Falcon Utility
Falcon 500 Utility
Falcon Van

As with all the past XW plus XY series Falcon GT sedans, an extra-high-performance limited-production adaptation of the XA Falcon GT sedan, the GT-HO Phase IV, was developed by Ford Australia for homologation inside Group E Series Production Touring Car racing, targeting inside certain the 1972 Hardie-Ferodo 500 at Bathurst. Production of the necessary 220 examples was abandoned inside July 1972 following intense media plus political stress, plus just 1 manufacturing illustration was completed. This immense road automobile was produced inside Calypso Green metallic with a white plastic inside, plus has been completely restored.

Additionally, 3 usual creation Falcon GT sedans - specifically painted inside Brambles Red - had been inside the task of being developed for racing with GT-HO specification by Ford Special Vehicles Division plus were with be raced at Bathurst inside 1972 by factory motorists Allan Moffat plus Fred Gibson. With the abandonment of the XA Falcon GT-HO because a creation vehicle, development was instantly halted found on the 3 race vehicles as well as were available off. However, 1 of these vehicles did go about with serve a lifetime inside motorsport, especially because a rally auto campaigned by Bruce Hodgson. It was later ruined inside a road accident. Although the 3 vehicles showcased standard Falcon GT conformity plates, they are considered by many Ford fans with be race-prepared versions of the XA Falcon GT-HO Phase IV.
As of 2013 there were a broad range of propulsion systems accessible or possibly accessible for cars plus different cars. Options included internal combustion machines fueled by petrol, diesel, propane, or all-natural gas; crossbreed cars, plug-in hybrids, gas mobile cars fueled by hydrogen plus all electrical vehicles. Fueled cars appeared with have the brief expression benefit due with the limited range plus excellent expense of batteries. Many choices necessary construction of the network of fueling or charging stations. With no compelling benefit for any certain choice automobile machines where choosing parallel development tracks utilizing a range of choices. Reducing the fat of cars was 1 approach working. The use of high-technology inside advanced designs resulting from significant investments inside development analysis by European plus Japanese nations appeared with provide a benefit for them over Chinese automakers plus components dealers whom, because of 2013, had low development budgets plus lacked ability with provide components for high-tech engine plus force train designs.
Spark ignition motors are created with burn gasoline inside a controlled procedure called deflagration. In some instances, yet, the unburned mixture may autoignite, that causes fast stress rise that will damage the engine. This phenomenon is frequently called engine knocking or end-gas knock. One method to minimize knock inside spark ignition machines is with heighten the gasoline's resistance with autoignition, that is indicated by its octane rating.

Octane rating is calculated relative with a mixture of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane plus n-heptane. There are different conventions for expressing octane reviews, thus a gas can have many different octane reviews based found on the measure selected. Research octane amount for commercially-available gasoline varies by nation. In Finland, Sweden, plus Norway, 95 RON is the standard for normal unleaded gasoline plus 98 RON is furthermore accessible because a higher priced choice. In the UK, average normal unleaded gasoline is 95 RON, premium unleaded gasoline is constantly 97 RON, plus super unleaded is normally 97-98 RON. But, both Shell plus BP make gas at 102 RON for vehicles with high-performance motors, as well as the supermarket chain Tesco started inside 2006 with market super unleaded gasoline rated at 99 RON. In the US, octane reviews inside unleaded fuels can differ between 85 plus 87 AKI for normal, by 89-90 AKI for mid-grade, as much as 90-94 AKI for premium.

South Africa's biggest city is Johannesburg is found found on the Highveld at 1,753 metres above sea-level. So the South African AA suggests 95 octane petrol because low altitude plus 93 octane for utilize inside Johannesburg considering "The high the altitude the lower the air stress, as well as the lower the requirement for a significant octane gas because there is not a real performance gain".

The octane rating became significant because the military desired high output for aircraft machines inside the late 1930s as well as the 1940s. A high octane rating enables a high compression ratio or supercharger boost, and therefore high temperatures plus pressures, that translate with high force output. Many scientists even expected a country with a superior provide of significant octane gasoline might have the benefit inside air force. In 1943, the Rolls Royce Merlin aero engine yielded 1,320 horsepower utilizing 100 RON gas from a small 27 liter displacement. Towards the finish of the 2nd planet war, experiments were performed utilizing 150 RON gas, obtained by adding 2.5% aniline with 100 octane avgas.

As with all the past XW plus XY series Falcon GT sedans, an extra-high-performance limited-production adaptation of the XA Falcon GT sedan, the GT-HO Phase IV, was developed by Ford Australia for homologation inside Group E Series Production Touring Car racing, targeting inside specific the 1972 Hardie-Ferodo 500 at Bathurst. Production of the needed 210 examples was abandoned inside July 1972 following intense media plus political stress, plus just 1 manufacturing illustration was completed. This immense road auto was produced inside Calypso Green metallic with a white plastic inside, plus has been completely restored.

Additionally, 3 normal manufacturing Falcon GT sedans - incredibly painted inside Brambles Red - had been inside the procedure of being developed for racing with GT-HO specification by Ford Special Vehicles Division plus were with be raced at Bathurst inside 1972 by factory motorists Allan Moffat plus Fred Gibson. With the abandonment of the XA Falcon GT-HO because a creation auto, development was instantly halted found on the 3 race vehicles plus they were available off. However, 1 of these vehicles did go about with serve a existence inside motorsport, especially because a rally vehicle campaigned by Bruce Hodgson. It was later ruined inside a road accident. Although the 3 vehicles showcased standard Falcon GT conformity plates, they are considered by many Ford fans with be race-prepared versions of the XA Falcon GT-HO Phase IV.
Between April 1973 plus August 1973, Ford Australia built 250 XA Falcon GTs fitted with all the RPO 83 package, 130 of these being Sedans plus 120 being Hardtops. RPO 83 composed 3 variations within the standard XA Falcon GT, these being of the Holley 780 carburettor, 2.25 inch exhaust headers along with a clutch salve cylinder hydraulic pipe heat shield. Pricing plus outside appearance didn't differ within the standard models. The 2.25 inch exhaust headers were subsequently homologated for the XA Falcon GT for Group C Touring Car racing, including the 1973 Hardie-Ferodo 1000.
After the positive public response provided with its XA Falcon GT Hardtop-based “Superbird” show automobile at the 1973 Melbourne Motor Show, Ford Australia introduced a limited manufacturing “Superbird” with the public. The creation Superbird was an XA Falcon 500 Hardtop fitted with a choice package designated because RPO 77. The package included the Australian-built 302 cubic inch Cleveland V8 engine, sports suspension, Grand Sport Rally Pack instrumentation along with a back window louvre. Three contrasting paints schemes paired with coloured-coded wheels centres were available, the options being Polar White with Cosmic Blue highlight, Yellow Fire with Walnut Glow highlight plus Lime Glaze with Jewel Green highlight. Large "Superbird" decals loved the back quarter panels as well as the back installed "Falcon 500" badging was retained. The advertised manufacturing run was 750 units, but the actual manufacturing total is thought with have been lower. The whole creation run was completed inside the months of March by May 1973.

Max's yellow Interceptor had been a 1974 Ford Falcon XB sedan with a 351 c.i.d. Cleveland V8 engine.
Mad Max Interceptor replica outside the Boston, Mass. area

The Big Bopper, driven by Roop plus Charlie, was additionally a 1974 Ford Falcon XB sedan and a previous Victorian Police automobile, however was driven with a 302 c.i.d. V8. The March Hare, driven by Sarse plus Scuttle, was an in-line-six-powered 1972 Ford Falcon XA sedan.
Replica Mad Max Pursuit Special car outside the Silverton Hotel

The many unforgettable vehicle, Max's black Pursuit Special became a 1973 Ford XB Falcon GT351, a limited edition hardtop, that was mainly modified by Murray Smith, Peter Arcadipane plus Ray Beckerley. The key modification is clearly the Concorde front end, as well as the supercharger protruding from the bonnet. The Concorde front had been a very new accessory at the time, crafted by Peter Arcadipane at Ford Australia because a showpiece, plus later becoming accessible with the general public due with its recognition. After filming of the initial film was completed, the vehicle went up for sale however, no customers were found; eventually it was handed over with Murray Smith.

Whenever manufacturing of Mad Max 2: The Road Warrior started, the auto was purchased back by George Miller for utilize inside the sequel. When filming was over the vehicle was left at a wrecking yard inside Adelaide because it again found no customers, plus was purchased plus restored by Bob Forsenko. Eventually it was available again plus was place about show inside the Cars of the Stars Motor Museum inside Cumbria, England. The museum newly shut as well as the Black about Black vehicle went with a collection inside the Dezer museum inside Miami, Florida.

The Nightrider's car, another Pursuit Special, had been a 1972 Holden Monaro Coupe HQ LS, additionally tuned yet deliberately damaged with resemble it was associated inside accidents.
The Ford XB Falcon is a vehicle that was yielded by Ford Australia between 1973 plus 1976 plus was built only inside Australia. It bore minor aesthetic variations with the preceding model, the XA, aimed at offering the auto a more muscular stance. First time equipment products included standard front disk brakes about all models plus an accessible carpeted inside.
The XB Falcon range included the following models:

Falcon Sedan
Falcon Wagon
Falcon Utility
Falcon Van
Falcon 500 Sedan
Falcon 500 Hardtop
Falcon 500 Wagon
Falcon 500 Utility
Falcon 500 Van
Futura Sedan
Fairmont Sedan
Fairmont Hardtop
Fairmont Wagon
Falcon GT Sedan
Falcon GT Hardtop

A Grand Sport Rally Pack way, that included bonnet scoops, striping, GS insignia plus "GT" instrumentation, was accessible about Falcon 500, Futura plus Fairmont models.
As their name signifies, four-stroke internal combustion machines have 4 standard methods which repeat with each 2 revolutions of the engine:

Intake/suction stroke Compression stroke Power/expansion stroke plus Exhaust stroke

1. Intake stroke: The initially stroke of the internal combustion engine is sometimes known because the suction stroke considering the piston moves with the maximum amount position creating a drop inside stress. The inlet valve opens because a outcome of the cam lobe pressing down found on the valve stem, as well as the vaporized gas mixture is sucked into the combustion room. The inlet valve closes at the finish of the stroke.

2. Compression stroke: In this stroke, both valves are shut as well as the piston begins its movement with the minimal amount position plus compresses the gas mixture. During the compression procedure, stress, temperature as well as the density of the gas mixture increases.

3. Power stroke: Whenever the piston reaches a point before top dead center, the spark connect ignites the gas mixture. The point where the gas ignites varies by engine; usually it's regarding 10 levels before top dead center. This expansion of gases caused by ignition of the gas produces the force which is sent with the crank shaft system.

4. Exhaust stroke: In the finish of the energy stroke, the exhaust valve opens. During this stroke, the piston begins its movement inside the maximum amount position. The open exhaust valve enables the exhaust gases with escape the cylinder. At the finish of the stroke, the exhaust valve closes, the inlet valve opens, as well as the sequence repeats inside the upcoming cycle. Four-stroke machines need 2 revolutions.

Many motors overlap these methods inside time; turbine machines do all methods simultaneously at different components of the motors.

The Ford XC Falcon is a vehicle that was yielded by Ford Australia between 1976 plus 1979. It became a facelift of the XB Falcon, itself an upgrade of the XA Falcon that had entered creation inside 1972. Introduced inside July 1976, the XC was the initial model with comply with all the fresh pollution laws specified below Australian Design Rule 27A. The reaction with the first of July 1976, essential anti-pollution regulations, was with redevelop the Falcon six cylinder motors with a cross-flow head for better efficiency.

Visually, the XC Falcon was provided a restyle treatment. The XC had an less aggressive nose that included 2 round headlights about Falcon models plus 2 rectangular headlights about Fairmont models. Ford moreover addressed the vision difficulties of the XA plus XB by going with good cost plus redesigning the back door windows plus installing an all-new dash plus installing high front seats. It was the last model Falcon with employ coke bottle styling plus was changed with all the XD Falcon inside 1979.

Total creation of the XC range reached 171,082 cars before the substitution of the XC by the XD Falcon inside March 1979.

In 1978, Ford Australia unveiled plans for an all-new Falcon, dubbed the XD, which will be introduced inside 1979. Unlike the present XC, the modern model will be available just because a four-door sedan or station wagon, meaning the two-door XC Hardtops of 1978 will be the last of which shape.


In December 1977 Ford built 13 specialized purchase XC Falcon GS Hardtops. These vehicles were especially modified inside the "Parts plus Accessories" or P&A workshop, at Ford's Broadmeadows factory. All cars were modified plus fitted with all the body mods plus mechanical requirements approved by CAMSfor homologation. Changes were largely tailored to improve race durability, these cars, usually called "Pre-Cobras", were inteneded with be raced by groups inside the 1978 ATCC season. The changes produced inside these Hardtops later created the basis the 25 Option 97 Cobras


Whenever final manufacturing of the XC Hardtop at the Broadmeadows Assembly plant ended inside March 1978, 400 body shells were left unsold plus Ford Australia confronted a problem of how with market them, instead of scrapping them or trying with market those to shoppers that might otherwise wait for the XD. Whenever an authentic proposal with turn these vehicles into Playboy-themed vehicles was denied because sending the incorrect image for a family automobile organization, Ford turned with Edsel Ford II, then your Deputy Managing Director of Ford Motor Company whom was touring Australia at the time. He along with a localized shape team elected with capitalise about Allan Moffat plus Colin Bond's crushing 1-2 finish at the 1977 Bathurst 1000 by creating a road automobile with a "totally American" look which may be homologated for racing, when simultaneously providing enthusiasts the chance with have a street-legal adaptation of Moffat's race automobile. The first prototype was integrated late April 1978 plus manufacturing started which same July.


The vehicles were painted bold blue plus Olympic blue racing stripes plus completed with snow white plus "Cobra" emblems, a throwback with Carroll Shelby's Mustangs of the 1960s which produced the vehicle conveniently identifiable because a Ford muscle vehicle. Unusually, the bodyshells were painted blue initial, the intended blue stripes then masked as well as the white coating painted over the best. Each of the vehicles was provided its own individual serial amount plus fitted with a sequentially-numbered plaque inside the dash. The initial 210 yielded were provided the 5.8L 351 Cleveland V8, when the alternative 210 received the four.9L 302 Cleveland.


Cobras were accessible with either automatic or manual transmission. Standard equipment included four-wheel disk brakes plus limited slip axles, 15-inch Bathurst Globe wheels, front & back spoilers plus double exhaust. The interiors were fitted with sport fabric seats inside black with blue inserts plus based found on the 1978 Ford Falcon GS Coupe. From amount 2 with 31 were termed as Option 97, were fitted with optional components with let homologation for racing, including twin thermostatically controlled fans, an engine oil cooler plus racing seats. They were diagnosed within the additional 370 Option 96 Cobras with a big rear-opening bulge inside the bonnet. Allan Moffat raced a "look a like" Replica inside 1978 Bathurst 1000.

Falcon Cobras continue to be very revered by collectors over Australia plus many nonetheless exist. A mint illustration is value up of $100,000.





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